PYTHAGORAS & the NINE MUSES & THE FIVE ELEMENTS. The MATHEMATICAL basis of LANGUAGE(& ETYMOLOGY), MUSIC, PHILOSOPHY, ARCHITECTURE, GEOMETRY, STEREOMETRY, ASTRONOMY, HEALTH, PHYTOPHAGIA(=VEGETABLES EATING), GYMNASTICS….
The ONLY means of ENLIGHTENMENT is TRUTH. The only Teacher is the SPIRIT of TRUTH.There can be NO religion higher than the TRUTH! PYTHAGORAS .
Φ WHEN WITH ART AND SCIENCE, in ANCIENT GREECE TOUCHES THE DIVINE GOLDEN SECTION.
The Golden Ratio F or Golden Section Φ or the Golden Rule Φ or Divine Ratio is defined as the quotient of the positive numbers when in force, which is approximately equal to 1,618. It gives harmonious proportions and for this reason it has been used in architecture and painting, both in Ancient Greece and during the Renaissance. The golden section was introduced and calculated by Pythagoras (-585 to -500) who was born in Samos, and founded a very important philosophical school in CROTON of MAGNA GRAECIA (Lower Italy).The golden section is symbolized by the letter Φ in honor of PHOS(=LIGHT) & PHEIDIAS, perhaps the most famous sculptor of Greek Antiquity, and the most important of the classical period. The golden word was known to the PYTHAGORIANS.In their secret symbol, the pentacle, the golden word appears on the sides of the star. Many works of the classical era, such as the PARTHENON, and the Renaissance, such as paintings by Leonardo Da VINCI, were created based on the golden word.Even today it is used to attribute harmony to works, or to plastic surgery to beautify the human face. If people choose the Golden Section for aesthetic reasons, what can we say about nature, which chooses the logarithmic spiral to “construct” a multitude of structures? Scientists have been surprised to find that the logarithmic spiral appears in the shapes of physical objects with completely different properties. On a smaller scale it appears in the shells of many marine organisms, such as nautilus. In the intermediate scale it appears in the shape of cyclones, as typically reflected in the photos of meteorological satellites.Finally, on the largest possible scale, it appears in the shape of spiral galaxies, huge formations of hundreds of billions of stars, which we can enjoy in the photographs of modern telescopes.What is the deepest reason why a number, constructed on the basis of an abstract mathematical property, has such important applications in nature, and in fact in such different systems? Shells, cyclones and galaxies have nothing in common and are governed by completely different laws of nature. PYTHAGORAS: A)The HELIX of PYTHAGORAS
The cosmic plan of Creation HELLENIC CIVILIZATION/^^The ancient Greeks even put the universe in order. They said that the Universe is an indivisible whole and everything in it is interrelated and interacts with each other. Within the world (universe) there is a Universal Law of Physics, with individual laws, which contribute to the cosmic balance.Leucippus, Democritus, Epicurus, Heraclitus, etc. did not accept that God is the creator of the Universe and stated that the Microcosm and the Macrocosm are one and the same
.PYTHAGORIAN COSMOLOGY ACCEPTS EROS GRAVITY) and ERIN ENTROPY) as the two opposite components that maintain the balance of the Universe.Gravity tends to attract things and create structures of Physics, while Entropy tries to bring the systems of Nature into a state of disorder and to divide them.The balance between gravity and entropy determines the structure of all the stars.Therefore the victories of each over the other are temporary and never final.So everything changes in space-time according to the HERACLETOS of EPHESOS saying “TA PANTA REI”.After the imposition of dogmatic cosmopolitan religions in the 3rd century, the worldview of the uncle and Nature was divided and the world believed in superstitions.Then theology followed its own dogmatic path and science its own with a deviant course.B) The “ΑΠΕΙΡΟN”/APEIRON(=INFINITY) of ANAXIMANDROS Golden byzantine coins at the archaeological museum of PYTHAGORION SAMOS island, AEGEAN Sea, GREECE.A treasure was found in 1983 on the east coast of SAMOS, in the port of Megali Lakka below Vlamari, by a Dutch archaeology student, and handed over to the archaeological Museum. Three hundred gold Byzantine coins and two pairs of gold joints constituted the treasure, which had been “secured” in a copper vessel with a clay stopper. The series includes 8 Mauriki (539-602) coins of Istanbul and Thessaloniki, 144 Foka (5602-610) coins of Istanbul, and 148 Heraklion-Constantine (575-641) ministries of Istanbul, THESSALONIKE I’m probably off to Cyprus.The treasure must have been formed during the reign of Phokas and is one of many 7th century found in the Aegean. It was found in the foundations of a house, which was halfway in the sea. It was placed inside a jug with a clam for a plug and buried under the floor of the house near the wall.Archaeological Museum of PYTHAGORION SAMOS.
The GOLDEN Φ RATIO OF THE PYTHAGORIAN SYMBOL
The HELLENIC and PYTHAGORIAN SACRED SYMBOL-
The FIVE ELEMENTS of NATURE
The FIVE ALPHA:
1) ATHENA: “AHP”= AIR
2) APOLLO: “ΑΙΘΗΡ”= ETHER
3) APHRODITE: “ΥΔΩΡ”= WATER
4) ARES: “ΠΥΡ”= FIRE
5) ARTEMIS: “4”/ΤΕΣΣΕΡΑ Ρ/= the 4 R
(The word pentagram comes from the Greek word πεντάγραμμον (pentagrammon), from πέντε (pente), “five” + γραμμή (grammē), “line”.Pentagram refers to just the star and pentacle refers to the star within the circle specifically although these are often referred to as the same.[The word pentalpha is a a post-classical Greek name of the shape.)[
NATURE, UNIVERSE, ARCHITECTURE, MATHEMATICS, GEOMETRY, PHILOSOPHY, ,SCIENCE & THE COSMIC PRINCIPE OF the GOLDEN Φ
THE “EQUILATERAL PENTALPHA”, THE “GOLDEN SECTION Φ” AND THE PENTAL SIDE DODECHADER, AS A TOOL OF NATURE AND TIME MEASUREMENT NUMBERS, ARE APPEARING.
The philosophical students of PYTHAGORAS as we wrote above, but also Euclid studied the PENTALPHA of the built ACHAEAN Greeks and found the 72΄ degree angle at the crosses (angle of the top pyramids), the 108΄ degree angle (108/2 sides = 54m -horizontal, earth), which PENTALPHA drew in the ratio of division of all its isosceles, the “golden section”.
Later, the golden section was used by PHEIDIAS and from its initial letter and in honor of “the golden section” of the ACHAEAN Greek builders with PENTALPHA, it was named with the letter “F” internationally. PHEIDIAS, guided by the “golden section” of the Achaean Greek builders of PENTALPHAA, built the PARTHENON and made its roof with the angle of 108 degrees of PENTALPHA, as well as the “treasure of the Athenians” in DELPHI with the same angle of 108 In addition, PENTALPHA, the sacred shape of PYTHAGORAS, with the union of its vertices from five straight lines, made the EQUAL PENTAGON, which as a polyhedron makes the TWELVE of the Gods, of the ancient Greeks as the greatest perfection. When the same number of side corners is found in the corners of the POLYEDRA, then it was called by the Achaean Greeks “HOLY SHAPES of PYTHAGORAS” and they contain in them, all the numbers that are related to time, matter, life, and its laws. These are only five. Later the Christians called them “Platonic” because they did not like PYTHAGORAS teaching “Reincarnation and Reincarnation to relatives” and called them “cosmic, universe, celestial” or “Archimedes”.
PENTALEFER (PENTAGRAM) – TWELVE (gods) the “12 MONTHS (twelve sides)” & the “30 DAYS of the month (30 peaks of a DODECAHEDRON)” come out.
The “YEAR of the ACHEAN Greeks (12 months for 30 days each month of the ancient Greeks, plus the feasts of FIRE which were 5 days and each Olympics 6 days = 365 or 366 days) the 12 HOURS of day (12 seats) and night ( 12 seats) and as a binary polyhedron the 24 HOURS per day.
AFTER come out minutes (5 sides for 12 seats equal to 60 minutes). the seconds (5 sides for 12 seats equal to 60΄ minutes on themselves 3600΄΄, where they give us in tens, the degrees of the Circle 360,0΄ and AGAIN. the “three dimensions of materials (meeting of three sides at each vertex) The “20 amino acids (angles)” that produce life (plants and animals). In addition, the equilateral PENTALE (pentacle) – DODECALE (of gods), is in a BINAL SYSTEM with the equilateral ICOSIHEDRON, while the equilateral HEXAHEDRON is in a binary system with the equilateral equilateral with the equilateral OCTAHEDRON
The PENTAGRAMON of YGEIA = HEALTH
Da VINCI MASTER WORKS & FIBONACCI NUMBERS ARE BASED STRICTLY ON THE DIVINE PRINCIPES OF the PYTHAGORIAN RULES OF THE GOLDEN Φ
The 5 sister sciences according to PYTHAGORAS were:Numbers (mathematics)Shapes (Geometry)StereometryMusic (Harmony)AstronomyThese sciences are intertwined and are in one another like the Russian bamboo. Combine now the alphabet that encloses numbers and musical tones with these 5 sciences, EXACTLY as in the NINE MUSES Tip: astronomy = astry + law, α-sup = what is not supported, so astronomy = universal laws governing what is not based somewhere, dealing with music (harmony), geometry) and all this with the ether that surrounds the celestial spheres.Tip 2: PYTHAGORAS listened to the harmony (music) of the CELESTIAN SPHERESSo the ancient Greek language that has to do with the flow of the universe.The Greek language is the only one that can be used for PCs because of the mathematics and musicality of not only the Alphabet-words, but also of the mathematical concepts that arise, for example, the word THESIS becomes: compassion, affirmation, confession, hypothesis, exhalement, advent, preaching, revival, apostasy, counseling, etc., if these words now translate them into English are completely unrelated to each other.The fact that the Alphabet is not copied from somewhere else is shown by the fact that in 2300 BC Homer already has at his disposal the 6,500,000 primary words (the first person of the present and singular number) which if we multiply them X72 are the calls we will make a huge number that is not the final, because we do not forget that the Greek language is not sterile, GENERAL.If we now compare e.g. the English language that has 80,000 words, of which 80% is Greek as the UNIVERSITY of WALES informs us, and we can see that this sterile language evolves for 1000 years, we can easily conclude that HOMEROS receives a language that is deep in the time of 100,000 BC; 500,000 BC?Who knows … WHY the absolute proof is its mathematics itself, which does not exist in any other language of the planet. Let us not forget yet that the Creator uses mathematics to create, so our language is necessarily related to the source (root-0/1).But before “KRYPTON” there is the “Signal”, that is, the association of words with these concepts. They said earlier that the foreign dialects were agreed upon, that is, some agreed that the object would call it “X”, which makes the languages sterile, so they cannot give birth to new words, so there is no mathematics, so they cannot describe new concepts that exist in nature, with the result that the brain, since it cannot describe through new words new meanings, is left in the dark, so brain neurons do not give birth to young people as opposed to those who use Greek. How could, for example, the English or the French or X, Y with a word that has 10 meanings to describe precisely and clearly a deeper meaning?Let alone the multiple sides of it? it cannot be why everything started here. Signal is therefore the connection of the signal with the signified, that is, the word itself is created in such a way that it describes the meaning enclosed in it.EXAMPLE: the naming of the word KARYON comes from a observation of nature (as all the words), that is, when two horned animals (cripples, traps etc.) trawl with their coins they hear the crack or “kara”, this sound gave the name “horn” (horn) the horn gave the name of a keel or a carat (head) and its inferior Karyon (small head). Τhe Karyon (walnut) looks amazing with the human head and the inside of it with a brain.Y is the root of the verb YΩ (wet) where Y exists; there is a cavity (or curvature), that is, flies, the rain (liquid element) enters into the earth.The musical-numerical alphabet creates musical-mathematical words describing corresponding concepts derived from the observation of the nature of Creation and hence of the Creator itself, but the question is how many millennia may have taken to create this perfect a mathematical complex whose letters are numbers and musical tones, and the words, that is, all the numbers and musical tones, conceal within them, in addition to complex musical harmonies, concepts which is it not at all accidental but after extensive observation of nature?So, reasonably, ANTISTHENES reminds us of “The Wisdom or the Name of Visit”
MUSES,MUSEUMS, AND MUSIC,ARTS AND SCIENCES “MUSEUM” comes from a Greek word MUSAI meaning “SHRINE of the MUSES.” The Muses were the nine Greek goddesses who were believed to inspire literature and the arts and “Music” comes from the Greek “MOUSIKE”, musical art, or an art of the Muses (the nine goddesses who preside over literature and the arts and sciences:Clever and beautiful, daughters of ZEUS and MNEMOSYNE, entertained the OLYMPIAN gods at banquets, playing the lyre and singing, especially the CLEUS (=GLORY) of ZEUS.The MUSES were born in PIERIA and lived in the PIERIA Mountains. They were the Goddesses of music, musical instruments, dance, feasting and poetry.They also lived on Mount PARNASSOS, because the great oracle of APOLLO was located there. They took walks, sang, danced and bathed in the HIPPOCRINE spring, the most beautiful spring at the top of ELIKON.They are the patron goddesses of literature, science and the arts. Sources of knowledge and inspiration for the Greeks.In their honor, our ancestors founded the Museums, that is, temples, where the sciences and arts were honored.Museums were “schools of arts and all learning” when other peoples had nothing to do with science and their arts were in their infancy.Music was once one of the five branches of Mathematics, namely: MATHEMATICS GEOMETRY, STEREOMETRY, MUSIC and ASTRONOMY. In the time of troubles, in the time when libraries were demolished, books were burned, academies were closed, the Olympic Games were stopped, that is, the period of the destruction of Greek Thought, like the sculptures of the PARTHENON, the piece of Music from Mathematics came off. A good man and a Greek, he left !!!!Good return to FOS(=LIGHT) VANGELIS !!!Their contribution to shaping world culture is incalculable. Proof is the adoption of the term “Music” by all countries of the world, in every corner of the globe!So when we say that the Greeks gave light to humanity, beyond the concepts of democracy, states, freedom, justice, mathematics, science, arts, architecture, beauty, and so on,we must also remind music, this WORLD language, which was born here, by the Muses, daughters of ZEUSs and MNEMOSYNE, in PIERIA, in the PIERIA mountains, in the always Greek Macedonia!APOLLO was the leader of the MUSESInitially these deities were nymphs of the mountain and the waters.HESIOD in THEOGONY narrates: MNEMOSYNE slept in PIERIA with CRONO’s son ZEUS and gave birth to these virgins that make us forget our sufferingsand alleviate our pain.Nine nights in a row by the wise ZEUSgoing up to his sacred bed, slept next to the MNEMOSYNEl, away from all the immortals.Muses are the source of inspirationfor every mental activity and in many places they were worshiped with special honors, while there is an ORPHIC HYMN of the MUSES. PLATO in his ACADEMY had an altar dedicated to the MUSES, while HOMEROS invokes MUSA CALLIOPE as his source of inspiration, when writing his epics. The same is found in the works of Hesiod, but also to all the great creators of antiquity. It has not remained until today, the term muse is used frequently to show that someone inspires an artist, a creator ………..Greek Numbers and Arithmetic(ALPHA – ΑΛΦΑ = 1 + 30 + 500 + 1 = 532 => 5 + 3 + 2 = 10 => 1 + 0 = 1EN = 5 + 50 = 55 => 5 + 5 = 10 => 1 + 0 = 1OMIKRON – ΟΜΙΚΡΟΝ = 70 + 40 + 10 + 20 + 100 + 70 + 50 = 360, as there are degrees of the circle. The MATHEMATICAL ORDER of the names of NINE MUSES: (According to the the VALUES of the INDEX , BELOW the names)1. POLYMNIA (or Polhymnia or Polyamnia). ΠΟΛΥΜΝΙΑ (from: “πολύς + ύμνο” polys + hymn = long hymn) from long and hymn, praise because many people or the many and memory, because many mentions in history. He was the custodian of the divine hymns and hypocritical imitation, geometry, history, grammar etc. The painted faces to Heaven with a wreath of laurel and pearls on the head, white dress, with his lyre in her hands and the inscription Multi-mnias Mr. Myths.ΠΟΛΥΜΝΙΑ – ΠΟΛΥΜΝΙΑ = 80 + 70 + 30 + 400 + 400 + 40 + 50 + 10 + 1 = 1081 => 10 + 8 + 1 = 19 => 1 + 9 = 10 => 1 + 0 = 1 2. Urania – ΟΥΡΑΝΙΑ (from: oυρανός uranos= sky) was the custodian of the heavenly bodies and general astronomy discovered. According to tradition with Dionysus begat Hymenaeus and Apollo linen. Painted Urania crowned with stars and prometopidio, blue dress, in front of the tripod up had the celestial sphere and diabetes.UΡΑΝΙΑ = 70 + 400 + 100 + 1 + 50 + 10 + 1 = 632 => 6 + 3 + 2 = 11 => 1 + 1 = 2 3. Terpsichore – ΤΕΡΨΙΧΟΡΗ (from:τέρπω + χορός –terpo+choros = regale + dance, delights through dance, harp and education.), the Muse of Orchiseos Named TERPSICHORE because eterpeto, thanks to dance. Perhaps by learning (pleasing listeners). Tradition says that she bore the Strymonikos Rhesos and ARES the Vistones or even with Achelous the Sirens. The Terpsichore painted laurel-(DAFNE) crowned and prometopidio holding harp and dancing happy, while her feet barely touching the ground and with the inscription Terpsichore lyran.Terpsichore – ΤΕΡΨΙΧΟΡΗ = 300 + 5 + 100 + 700 + 10 + 600 + 70 + 100 + 8 = 1893 => 1 + 8 + 9 + 3 = 21 => 2 + 2 = 3 4. Melpomene – ΜΕΛΠΟΜΕΝΗ (from: μέλπω “melpo” (=μελωδώ + μένος = to create music + stubborness) was the custodian of Tragedy, because it invented, rhetoric and musical melody. Named Melpomene by word molttin because by this melpousin people all their goods. Melpomene with Acheloos, in a tradition born of Horns The painted wears tragedy mask, angry, laurel-crowned with a scepter, bat in hands and Melpomeni inscription TragodianMelpomene – ΜΕΛΠΟΜΕΝΗ = 40 + 5 + 30 + 80 + 70 + 40 + 5 + 50 + 8 = 328 => 3 + 2 + 8 = 13 => 1 + 3 = 4 5. Thalia or ΘΑΛΕΙΑ – (Θάλεια) was Superintendent of Comedy. Discover comedy, geometry, architecture and agriculture. He was the custodian and Symposia. The name Thalia = thallein plants, or in the Thalia (symposia) orThalleia – ΘΑΛΕΙΑ = 9 + 1 + 30 + 30 + 5 + 10 + 1 = 86 => 8 + 6 = 14 => 1 + 4 = 56) Calliope ΚΑΛΛΙΟΠΗ (καλή + ωψ = ex: good + ops = this with the beautiful eyes), the muse of epic poetry (ex:οπτικό = optical). Calliope was the superior and more formal than the other sisters of the Muses. He accompanied the kings and their senior leaders to enforce the words of obedience and righteousness. Calliope was the custodian of the heroic poetry and rhetoric. He named Calliope because he had nice view, face. They were called and Kalliepeian because it was evretria poetry. She mated with Apollo and became the mother of Orpheus. The Euterpe was the Muse of music. Painted Kalliopi new and nice, with flowers or ivy in the head, the right hand holding laurels and left two books, many times the Iliad and the Odyssey.Calliope – ΚΑΛΛΙΟΠΗ = 20 + 1 + 30 + 30 + 10 + 70 + 80 + 8 = 249 => 2 + 4 + 9 = 15 => 1 + 5 = 6 7.Euterpe ΕΥΤΕΡΠΗ Ευτέρπη (from the prefix ευ = well, fair + τέρπω = regale ,discovered various musical instruments, lessons, and dialectics. Lessons delight people, but ” is Euterpe reasons of educated ‘. Efterpi with Struma gave birth Risso. The painted laurel-crowned playing flute or holding him. Beside her was musical instruments and texts, Eros and trees with singer cicadas (cicada). Euterpe -ΕΥΤΕΡΠΗ= 5 + 400 + 300 + 5 + 100 + 80 + 8 = 898 => 8 + 9 + 8 = 25 => 2 + 5 = 7 8. Clio – ΚΛΕΙΩ (from: κλέος= glory) the Muse of History (Cleopatra = the glory of father)Qleio (Q = Qoppa) discovered the History (and guitar). The story was called Cleo, because it refers to Kleos (belonging to the heroes of the past), we narrate the authors through books. According to tradition, the Clio accused because Venus fell in love with the ‘Adoni. Venus retaliated: He led the Pieros’s house and made her fall in love with him. The Clio by Pierre begat Hyacinth. With Magnes (father Pierre) begat Ialemo, the Hymenaeus and Flax. Painted Cleo laurel-crowned and purple garment. In her right hand was holding one tube and left a book that read Cleo history. At her feet was the box of history. Qleio – ΚΛΕΙΩ = 90 + 30 + 5 + 10 + 800 = 935 => 9 + 3 + 5 = 17 => 1 + 7 = 8 9. Erato ΕΡΑΤΩ(from: έρως – eros = love), is the founder of Lyric and especially erotic poems, marriage (and of poetry, music and the dialectic). The name Erato by eresthai and the word love and lover. The painted seated, wearing a rosary (wreath of roses), with the lyre and the bow of love in the arms and the inscription Erato Psaltrian. Apollonius Rhodius begins the third chapter of Part Four of the Argonauts with: ” And now muse Erato, come to us and tell us how Jason brought the Golden Fleece from her love of Medea, because you graces the Cypriot Aphrodite brings the magic to unmarried girls. ”Erato – ΕΡΑΤΩ = 5 + 100 + 1 + 300 + 800 = 1206 => 1 + 2 + 0 + 6 = 9 = 5 + 100 + 1 + 300 + 800 = 1206 => 1 + 2 + 0 + 6 = 9 Pausanias maintains that there were two generations of Muses, the first generation was three and were the daughters of Uranus and Gaia, and the second was nine were daughters of Zeus and Mnemosyne. The oldest Elikoniades Muses were:Μνήμη – Mnimi =Memory • Μελέτη – Meleti = study)Αοιδή – Aidi = SingingThe poetic art need all three Muses, you need a combination of song, memory and study. Why to sing first needed memory, and after study (exercise).INDEX:LETTER & VALUE(Γράμμα &Αξία)Α´1Ι´10Ρ´100͵Α1000Β´2Κ´20Σ´200͵Β2000Γ´3Λ´30Τ´300͵Γ3000Δ´4Μ´40Υ´400͵Δ4000Ε´5Ν´50Φ´500͵Ε5000Ϛ´6Ξ´60Χ´600͵Ϛ6000Ζ´7Ο´70Ψ´700͵Z7000Η´8Π´80Ω´800͵H8000Θ´9Ϟ´90Ϡ´900͵Θ9000″The ‘MUSES’ and Music in general were so named from ‘MUSAI’ (research), from the search for Philosophy and Knowledge.” (PLATO, “KRATYLOS” 406 A.)Ancient and modern poets, philosophers, scientists and artists invoke the beautiful MUSES, to inspire them and to be able to complete their work.Greek MusicEnglish MusicGerman MusikItalian MusicaFrench La musiqueSpanish MúsicaPortuguese MúsicaRussian MusicSerbian MusicSwedish musicTurkish MüzikMaltese MusicEstonian MuusikaCroatian musicUkrainian MusicSwahili MuzikiLatvian Mūzika and so on.Tradition says:Two MUSES invented the theory and practice in learning. Three Muses invented the three musical tones Collider, medium and dim the three strings of Lyra, the three prosody acute, grave, circumflex and three parelilythota times, present tense, future tense three persons, three numbers, the triangle of stars and other triarithma . Four Muses invented the FOUR dialects: Attica, Ionici, Dorici and Ahaici. Five Muses the five senses: sight, taste, smell, touch and hearing. Seven Muses invented the seven strings of the lyre, the seven Heavenly belts, the seven planets and the seven vowels of the Unique Mathematical-rythmic Greek alphabet
APOLLO was the leader of the MUSES
Initially these deities were nymphs of the mountain and the waters.
HESIOD in THEOGONY narrates:
MNIMOSYNE slept in PIERIA with KRONO’s son ZEUS
and gave birth to these virgins
that make us forget our sufferings
and alleviate our pain.
Nine nights in a row by the wise ZEUS
going up to his sacred bed,
slept next to the MNIMOSYNEl,
away from all the immortals.
Muses are the source of inspiration
for every mental activity
and in many places they were worshiped with special honors,
while there is an ORPHIC HYMN of the MUSES.
PLATO in his ACADEMY
had an altar dedicated to the MUSES,
while HOMEROS invokes MUSA CALLIOPE
as his source of inspiration,
when writing his epics.
The same is found in the works of Hesiod,
but also to all the great creators of antiquity. It has not remained until today,
the term muse is used frequently
to show that someone inspires an artist,
a creator ………..
The NINE MUSES IN ONE OF THE MUSEUMS HERE: ACHILEION MUSEUM
· HELLENIC CIVILIZATION/ ASIA MINOR/ ZEUGMA (todays TURKEY)/ MOSAICS FROM the GREEK MYTHOLOGY-COSMOLOGY
the NINE MUSES
KALLIOPE (beauty + face = the one who has a beautiful voice) First and bigger and smarter and more dynamic, is the Muse of Homer. Incredibly wise and gifted, she was considered the muse of epic, heroic poetry. “Leader of all the Muses”, according to Ovid.
KLEIO (cleos = glory, praise, excellent reputation) She was the Muse of History because she highlighted the cleos, the glory of the heroes of history. The verb “close” means I narrate or make known something important. She was depicted laurel-crowned and in a red dress.
ΕΥΤΕΡΠΗ (ευ + τέρπω = delightful, attractive, pleasant, charming) Muse of Music. She was depicted laurel wreath playing or holding a flute. She was accompanied by musical instruments and texts, Eros and trees with cicadas.
THALIA (thallo = flourishing, thallous, generous) Thalia was the patron saint of merriment, comedy and SYMPOSIA. She had under her protection the bucolic poetry, that is, the corresponding contemporary folk songs.
MELPOMENI (melpo = the unlucky, hymn) Muse of tragedy, despite her happy songs. She was depicted wearing a mask of tragedy, angry, laurel wreath with a scepter and a bat in her hands.
TERPSICHORI (terpo + dance = the one who is dancing) Dance muse. She was depicted laurel wreath holding a harp and dancing happily. Its symbol was the lyre, the flute and the triangle.
ΕΡΑΤΩ (εράομαι, εράω = the one I loved, the one I longed for) The muse of lyric poetry and hymns. She is always depicted with a lyre and almost naked. Protector of marriage and love. Invent love poems.
POLYMNIA (many + hymn = the Muse of many hymns) Polymnia was the Muse of sacred hymns and eloquence. Very serious woman, pensive and thoughtful. She often holds her finger in front of her lips.
OURANIA (sky, the sky, the sky) Patron of Astronomy and Astrology. It is usually depicted wearing a star-shaped wreath. In her left hand she held the world globe and in her right the compasses
The ancient Greeks thought so highly of music, they dedicated a muse to it. That’s quite a compliment, considering the high regard in which they held muses. Her name is Euterpe, which means Well Pleasing.
Euterpe is the muse of music and lyric poetry. Her symbol is the flute. She is said to have invented the flute and other wind instruments. (Look for the flute in the picture of the ancient vase, above.)
They couldn’t stop there. Erato, which means the Lovely, is the muse of love poetry and marriage songs. they equated music with love and the marriage bed. They gave her the lyre as a symbol. It seems that music was a preoccupation with them. (Look for the lyre in the wall adornment at the left.)
Notice the muse in music. The Muse Of Music proudly points out that the modern English word for music is ultimately derived from a combination of the Ancient Greek word for music and the Greek expression, art of the Muses. To the Greeks, music was the art of all arts, the art of the muses.
Relating muses and art of the muses to come up with the modern word music makes sense. The Greeks identified their muses with the arts and the art of music with their muses. That identification is high praise for music as an art form; it positions Euterpe as the “most equal” muse of all the coequal ancient muses.
What Do MUSES & MUSEUMS have In Common?
In ancient Greece a place that was devoted to learning was a sacred place, a place where muses reside. Therefore, in ancient Greece, any place devoted to learning and the arts was called a museum—a muse place!
Museums—all museums—are places sacred to the muses. When you visit a museum, you enter a holy place, one sacred to the gods!
Explore the connection between muses and museums at the page called About Muses And Museums: click here.
Etymology And The Muses
In classic mythology, a Muse was any of a number of sister goddesses: Aoede (song), Melete (meditation), Mneme (memory), and especially any of the nine daughters of Zeus and Mnemosyne who presided over the arts that are noted above on this page. Since then, the word muse has come to refer to just the nine daughters described above.
The word museum was in use in ancient Greece and Rome, where it referred especially to the scholarly institute founded in Alexandria about 280 BCE. It was absorbed into English early in the seventeenth century.
In the fourteenth century, as a verb the word muse meant to gaze meditatively or wonderingly, a meaning that’s now archaic. Archaically, in Middle English the word amuse meant to keep in expectation by flattery or pretense.
Since the fourteenth century, as a verb the word muse has come to mean to think silently, to meditate on, to gaze meditatively, and to comment thoughtfully. And in the modern world, the word amuse has come to mean to hold someone’s attention, please, entertain, divert, cause mirth, and to cause to pass the time agreeably.
It seems obvious that the various ideas, arts, concepts, emotions, and principles that the ancient Greek muses stand for inspired a number of derivative words, ancient and modern—words such as meditation, memory, muse, museum, and amuse.
Hats off to The Muses!
PAN PLAYING “AVLOS with EUTERPE, CALLIOPE & POLHYMNIA
.KALLIOPE playing HARPA
THALIA: The IDYLIC POETRY & COMEDY
The “ΑΠΕΙΡΟN”/APEIRON = INFINITYof ANAXIMANDROS(“ANAXIMANDER”) was APPLIED by PYTHGAGORAS, as WELL
PYTHAGORAS WAS the one who promoted science and philosophy in Greece and all over the world.
PYTHAGORAS SAMIOS, PHILOSOPHER and MATHEMATICIAN, according to information from other writers, because his DIKA writings were burned by religious people, was the son of MNISARHOS.
PYTHAGORAS, born in 570 BC. and murdered in 496 BC. at the age of 74, by the religious Kilon and his group.
The “SECRET” ISOSKELES(=EQUILATERAL) PENTALPHA= PENTACLE of the PYTHAGORIANS
They even made a legend about his death, according to which his pursuers located him in a field with broad beans, which PYTHAGORAS considered to produce poison and did not want to cross. (Indeed, the large eating of green beans (nitrogen production), leads to death in young children). PYTHAGORAS in “Transmigration and incarnation of ancestral spirit in descendants”) arrested the other members of the SCHOOL of PYTHAGORAS and killed them without trial. However, some of his students survived the murder and the most famous of them were ARCHIPPUS, PHILOLAUS, LYSIS and others. What these survivors later wrote and taught, from the philosophy of PYTHAGORAS, were destroyed by ancient theologians (twelve gods) and what remained in ALEXANDRIA-type libraries were destroyed by the Christian religious with the fires they set on the Greek libraries.
The “SECRET” ISOSKELES(=EQUILATERAL) PENTALPHA= PENTACLE of the PYTHAGORIANS
PyYTHAGORAS, as a politician and researcher, applied the democratic system of meritocracy of the “DEGREES of a closed circle of initiates”, which after about 2600 years and in our time, slowly but steadily, is promoted with the parties. In the political system of Pythagoras, in order to rise to merit in ranks, one had to prove that it is worthwhile over time and to believe in the rebirth of plants, animals and people in nature, through one’s own genealogy, as is today done by science. acceptable.
Pythagoras as a mathematician and researcher, because he considered himself to be his own reborn ancestor, sought through the knowledge of his ancient ancestors and the works of his ancestors, the WISDOM OF NATURE. He believed, like his ancient Achaean ancestors (as reborn), in the wisdom of nature and considered that it is expressed in very small (today, perhaps quanta, quartz), absolute numbers, multiples of the same number, which add nature and beings on earth and space. He called his theory “Number and Numbers”.
He also researched equilateral polyhedra and drew valuable conclusions from their multiplications, additions, subtractions and divisions.
He researched the “PENTALFA” that he had as an emblem in his school and found the “golden section”.
He researched the right triangle and found the famous law “the square of the hypotenuse of a right triangle is equal to the sum of the squares of its two perpendicular sides” which solves a number of geometric problems and much more.
Pythagoras, as a physicist and researcher, discovered the laws of music in relation to the lengths of the strings of instruments, mainly the guitar, and determined the tones according to the length of the string.
Pythagoras, contrary to what many write, wrote many books, but because even the ancient religious people did not like what he wrote, nor did the modern Christians like it, they burned them, wherever they found them, with the result that today similar people claim religious, that Pythagoras did not write anything.
The “Secret” Isosceles Pentacle of the Pythagoreans
However, from the Greek dialect of the ancient Achaeans, where “number” means “A piece of welded material is not this element”, (but absolute and correct material that together with others makes sets of “Numbers”), we conclude that Pythagoras taught as the beginning of everything the UNIT and the “Perfect Sets”.
Also from Pythagoras’s theory of “Spirit Transmigration and Reincarnation” to offspring relatives, it emerges as evidence that he valued the family unimaginably, respected his family children as his ancestors but also as descendants of himself and loved the reborn as a whole, its people. He also believed that everyone’s children, whether from a formal marriage or from a concubine, should have the same rights as reborn offspring, and advocated the abolition of the concubine’s inferior position, which was not to the liking of the fascist politicians of his day.
Emblem of Pythagoras and by extension of the Pythagoreans was as above written the “ISOSKELI PENTALFA” of the Greek Achaean builders, which we also have as an EMBLEM of our first page, considering ourselves followers of the work of Pythagoras and to the belief in the “Incarnation and Reincarnation of the spirit” to offspring relatives, but also as a HONOR that we must pay to the MATERIAL wisdom of NATURE that we admire and believe.
The “isosceles pentacle” was the “GREAT” tool of the most ancient Greek Achaean builders. The “isosceles Pentalfa” was made by the Greek Achaeans with five ISOMIC long logs of about 30 points, which at their ends were angled at an angle of 18 degrees. Then they joined the ISOMIKI, five rods at the ends and thus formed the “Equilateral Pentacle”, as a tool of masons.
With the “Pentalfa” as a tool, the Greek masons (masons in Achaia) had all the necessary angles, in degrees.
The “Secret” Isosceles Pentacle of the Pythagoreans
They had the 36΄ degree angle at the outer corners of the “Pentalfa”, which angle of 36΄ degrees, multiplied by 10 made the 360΄ degrees of a Circle or instead divided the circle into 10 ISA degrees of 36΄ degrees each.
They had the 72΄ degree angle, in the “cross” interior (which 72΄ degree angle was also at the top of the pyramids).
They had the 108΄ degree angle at the cruciform exterior, (where 108΄ degrees is the roof angle of the Parthenon and the “Athenian treasure at Delphi”, as well as half of it 108/2 = 54΄ degrees angle is the horizontal ground angle to the side of the pyramids).
They had 180΄ degrees in the straight lines.
They had in “Pentalfa” the “Golden section” (perfect proportion of object construction) of the works of art, the bodies of animals and plants of NATURE, at the point of intersection on one of its sides, as intersected by the others, from beginning to end AD / ΑΓ = φ = ΑΓ / ΑΒ = φ, κτλ (of the Pythagorean school, the five fingers, the five splits of nerves in sexes).
The Greek masons (masons) had with a rope and weight, at the top of an outer corner, the knowledge of the “horizontal line”, the knowledge of the “vertical line in the horizontal line” and the knowledge of 90 degrees in the corners of their buildings, when the straight line of the weight rope, from the upper outer corner of “PENTALFA” intersected the top of the lower inner corner of “PENTALFA”.
They knew that the wall was built perpendicular to the ground. This happened when they were leaning the next corners of the “Pentalfa”, from that of the weight, on the wall, then the line of the weight, in a correct wall construction, is parallel to the outer side of the “PENTALFA”.
Later the UNEDUCATED RELIGIOUS people banned “PENTALFA” and the MASONSs now use a by-product of it, “ALFAIDI”.
THE PYTHAGOREAN DIET
The first prominent modern vegetarian was the Greek philosopher Pythagoras who lived towards the end of the 6th century BC. The Pythagorean diet came to mean an avoidance of the flesh of slaughtered animals. Pythagorean ethics first became a philosophical morality between 490-430 BC with a desire to create a universal and absolute law including injunctions not to kill “living creatures,” to abstain from “harsh-sounding bloodshed,” in particular animal sacrifice, and “never to eat meat.”
The diet followed Pythagoras was lacto vegetarian, ie eat: Fruits, vegetables, cereals, nuts, legumes and dairy minimally, in order from the largest to the smallest amount. Said that one should not eat the factors together with the output (eg chicken and egg) and avoid almost all generally seafood. Cereals were the basis of the diet of the Golden Age of people like Hesiod tells us in his “Works and Days” and the staple food of the Pythagoreans. “For lunch the Pythagoreans used only bread (with yeast) and honey” (Iamblichus, “On Long Pythagoras”, par 97).
Hippocrates was talking about balance: “The thing that maintains health within the body is equitable distribution and precise mixing of the forces (= fairness) of dry, liquid, cold, sweet, bitter, sour and salty. The illness is caused by the prevalence of one (= monarch). Treatment is achieved by restoring the disturbed balance, using the opposite of excess force”. The exact mixing, equality, symmetry, harmony are the basis of the dogmas of the Pythagoreans and of Hippocrates.
Hippocrates writes: “Within the man there are bitter, salty, sweet, and sour, and the astringent… and when these ingredients are blended and bonded together, neither is shown, nor is affecting humans. But when one of them separates itself and left alone the damage appears”.
Back in the 4th century BC, Hippocrates taught through the famous aphorism that “Let your medications be your food and let your food be your medicine. ” After 2.500 years, many modern scientific bodies following studies and experimentations begin to recognize that this amazing physician-philosopher from Kos was actually right.
Indeed, food, especially locally grown and sourced produce, boasts amazing healing properties! Every fruit and vegetable has a certain pattern that resembles a body organ, this pattern acts as a signal or sign as to that fruit or vegetable’s benefit to us.
The folds and wrinkles of a walnut bring to mind the brain. The shape of the nut even approximates the body part, looking like it has left and right hemispheres. Wanuts have a very high content of omega-3 fatty acids, which help support brain function and vitamin E which help prevent diseases such as Alzheimer’s.
Slice a carrot in half crosswise and it’s easy to see that the veggie resembles an eye—look closely and you’ll even notice a pattern of radiating lines that mimic the pupil and iris. And the old wives’ tale is true: Munching on carrots will actually promote healthy eyes. “Carrots are filled with vitamins and antioxidants, like beta-carotene, that decrease the chance of macular degeneration, the leading cause of vision loss in older people,” says Sasson Moulavi, MD, medical director of Smart for Life Weight Management Centers in Boca Raton, Florida.
Red Beans: Kidney
Kidney Beans actually heal and help maintain kidney function—and they look exactly like human kidneys.
Long, lean stalks of celery look just like bones—and they’re good for them, too. “Celery is a great source of silicon, which is part of the molecular structure that gives bones their strength,” says Dr. Moulavi. Another funny bone coincidence: “Bones are 23 percent sodium, and so is celery,” reports Avellino.
The lightbulb shape of an avocado looks like a uterus, and it supports reproductive health as well. “Avocados are a good source of folic acid,” says Elizabeth Somer, registered dietician and author of Eat Your Way to Happiness. “Folate has been found to reduce the risk for cervical dysplasia, which is a precancerous condition.”
The similarity between round citrus fruits––like lemons and grapefruit––and breasts may be more than coincidental. “Grapefruit contains substances called limonoids, which have been shown to inhibit the development of cancer in lab animals and in human breast cells,” says Dr. Moulavi.
Slice open a tomato and you’ll notice the red veggie has multiple chambers that resemble the structure of a heart. “Studies have found that because of the lycopene in tomatoes, there is a reduced risk for heart disease in men and women who eat them,” says Somer. And, she adds, if you mix them with a little fat, like olive oil or avocado, it will boost your body’s lycopene absorption nearly tenfold.
Anyone who’s ever reached for a glass of ginger ale when they’ve had a stomachache knows about the antinausea effects of ginger. So it’s fitting that the herb somewhat resembles the digestive organ. According to Dr. Moulavi, “gingerol, which is the ingredient responsible for ginger’s pungent scent and taste, is listed in the USDA database of phytochemicals as having the ability to prevent nausea and vomiting.”
Sweet Potatoes: Pancreas
The oblong sweet potato bears a strong resemblance to the pancreas, and also promotes healthy function in the organ. “Sweet potatoes are high in beta-carotene, which is a potent antioxidant that protects all tissues of the body, including the pancreas, from damage associated with cancer or aging,” says Somer.
Figs: Male Sperm
Figs are full of seeds and hang in twos when they grow. Figs increase the mobility of male sperm and increase the numbers of Sperm as well to overcome male sterility.
Slice a Mushroom in half and it resembles a human ear. Mushrooms have been found to improve hearing, as mushrooms are one of the few foods that contain vitamin D. This particular vitamin is important for healthy bones, even the tiny ones in the ear that transmit sound to the brain.
Our lungs are made up of branches of ever-smaller airways that finish up with tiny bunches of tissue called alveoli. These structures, which resemble bunches of Grapes, allow oxygen to pass from the lungs to the blood stream. A diet high in fresh fruit, such as grapes, has been shown to reduce the risk of lung cancer and emphysema. Grape seeds also contain a chemical called proa
2,500 years of musical temperaments
Dialogue between humans and nature
José Rodríguez Alvira
Attributed to Pythagoras (ca. 569 BC – ca. 475 BC), it is the first documented tuning system.
Pythagoras calculated the mathematical ratios of intervals using an instrument called the monochord. He divided a string into two equal parts and then compared the sound produced by the half part with the sound produced by the whole string. An octave interval was produced:
Thus concludes that the octave mathematical ratio is 2 to 1.
By dividing the string into 3 equal parts and vibrating 2 of these parts we obtain the fifth interval:
Thus concludes that the fifth mathematical ratio is 3 to 2.
By dividing the string into 4 equal parts and vibrating 3 of these parts we obtain the fourth interval:
Thus concludes that the fourth mathematical ratio is 4 to 3.
Using this method Pythagoras calculates the same ratios we calculated using the harmonics series.
From a C, we will build a major scale according to the Pythagorean tuning. We first calculate the fifth by multiplying the frequency of C by 3/2 (fifth size):
To multiply a number by a fraction we multiply by the numerator (top number) and then divide by the denominator (bottom number).
G = 261 x 3 / 2.
From G we calculate D by dividing the frequency of G by 4/3 (quarter size):
To divide a number by a fraction we multiply by the denominator (bottom number) and then divide by the numerator (top number).
Re = 392 x 3 / 4.
Now A (D x 3/2):
Then E (A divided by 4/3):
Now B (E x 3/2):
F equals C x 4/3 and C5 is C4 x 2:
Pythagorean tuning remains in use until the Renaissance, what leads us to seek a new tuning system?
The mathematical ratio of the major third in the harmonic series is 5/4 or 1.25, what is the ratio of the third in the Pythagorean scale? Dividing the frequency of E (330) by C (261) we realize that this third is larger than the third in the harmonic series:
330 ÷ 261 = 1.2643678161
Pythagorean tuning was effective when the commonly used harmonic intervals were the octave, fifth and fourth. With the increasing use of thirds during the Middle Ages and the Renaissance, the Pythagorean third was no longer acceptable to many ears. This leads us to seek new tuning systems …